Smartphone Display Types | Difference between LCD, OLED, Retina Explained

Smartphone Display Types | Difference between LCD, OLED, Retina Explained

We’ve hearing this terms a lot these days. Every smartphone manufacturer emphasizes on the display types they have used. And while buying new smartphone it is our main concern what display type we should go with. Different people may find different displays suitable. What should be your choice while buying new smartphone? we will help you take the decision.

LCD, OLED are the main type of displays. Others what we hear are sub types of these two. There is a difference between these two in the form of performance, power consumption price as well. The display quality is also decided by its screen resolution. Read this article to know more about Smartphone Screen Resolutions. Without wasting any time we will try to explain you these displays in simple language.

LCD (Liquid Crystal Display)

Full form of LCD is Liquid Crystal Display. These displays have array of liquid crystals, which means every pixel on the liquid surface is illuminated by some light from behind. LCD displays are high performance displays. They consume less power. You can view this display in direct sunlight. LCD displays is found in many portable devices. LCD displays have two types TFT LCD and IPS LCD.


This is the most common display type and can be found on many low range smartphones. TFT means Thin Film Transistor. TFT offers higher performance, good resolutions and low power consumption which makes it superior than previous LCD technologies. But it comes with a small drawback, TFT comes with narrow viewing angles. Which means, you cannot see the display properly from extreme sides. You will get better performance if you view it from front.


IPS stands for In-Place Switching. This is the premium type of LCD display and can be found on above mid-range smartphone. IPS offers better performance with less power consumption and remove the drawback of TFT by allowing us to view from wide angles. You can view the display from any angle and you will get better results. The manufacturing cost of IPS is quite high so it’s only available only on premium flagship phones.


Retina display is a term introduced by Apple while they marketed iPhone 4. The display is of IPS LCD type. The display is called as Retina because it offers 330 ppi i.e. 33o pixels per inch and this is the maximum value which can viewed by human eyes. Apple believed that there is no point in going further in the form if resolution if human eyes cannot view it.


OLED stands for Organic Light Emitting Diode. This is the new technology and offers better performance than LCD displays. The OLED display has organic substance sandwiched between two electricity conducting plates and which is further enclosed between glasses. When electric signal is passed through these two plates it helps in illuminating particular part of the screen from that organic substance. OLED offer better performance in the form of wide viewing angles, great brightness, lower power consumption, great color reproduction and a thin design. Here the initial color of a pixel in black which means the pixel only gets illuminated when a color other than black is to be displayed. This helps in greater power savings.


AMOLED display stands for Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode. This display is gaining a real popularity this days. It offers great performance and is also better viewed in direct sunlight. It has super advantages over LCD screens. AMOLED displays can be found on high-end smartphones. AMOLED display has sub pixels into a main pixel which allows the display to reproduce high color. It display also has great response rate.


Super AMOLED display is the successor of AMOLED display. As the name implies it is next version of AMOLED. Super AMOLED is term introduced by Samsung on its high end smartphones. It has built-in touch screen sensor unlike other displays which has an additional layer for touch screen functionality. It is much more responsive than AMOLED display. Super AMOLED offers high performance with lower power consumption.


The above information should be sufficient for you while deciding about display when buying a new smartphone. Let us know in the comment section below what you feel about the article. And as always we are ready for questions.

Happy Learning!

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